Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image Image
Scroll to top


No Comments

PorchDrinking’s Weekly Denver Beer Beat | October 30, 2019

Denver Beer Beat
Jeremiah Cornelius

The Denver Beer Beat is a weekly roundup of brewery openings, special tappings, firkins and one-off batches, bottle releases, dinners, pairings, and more happening in the Front Range and beyond. Be sure to check in each Wednesday to discover anything and everything happening around Colorado’s beer scene. Now let’s get to this week’s can’t miss beer events.

Wednesday, October 30

Image may contain: sky, ocean, cloud, twilight, outdoor, text and nature

Dark Woods Week @ Woods Boss Brewing (Denver) – 2210 California St, Denver, Colorado

Date/ Time: Wednesday, October 30- Friday November 1, from 2:00–11:00 p.m.

Details: A Woods Boss Brewing “Dark Woods Week” is a dark and spooky tap takeover of 10 taps from the dark cellar and archives. We will have 10 of our everyday favorites but the other 10 will be taken over for a few days of darkness.

Draw Knife – Porter
Reviresco – Scotch ALe
Baggage Car – Baltic Porter
BBl Form and Function – Belgian Quad
Paradisio – Belgian Smoked Porter
Stadtler and Waldorf – Belgian Dubbel
Funny She Doesn’t Look Druish – Schwarzbierrtz
Herbstwald – Marzen
Trail God – IIPA
5th point – Colorado IPA

(Firkins/Casks/Special Tappings/New Tappings)

Roasted Jalapeno Stout @ Strange Craft Beer Company (Denver) – 1330 Zuni St, Unit M, Denver, Colorado 

Date/ Time: Wednesday, October 30, from 3:00–8:00 p.m.

Details: Let’s get a little spicy with some homegrown jalapenos from Strange Craft Beer Company‘s biergarten. Zach from Chain Reaction Brewing Company roasted these beauties for Dead Hippie Brewing #travelingonebarrelwednesday beer, adding them to his classic stout recipe. Snag a pint of this belly warmer before it’s gone. These Wednesday tappings never make to the follwoing week.

(Firkins/Casks/Special Tappings/New Tappings)

That Late October Dual Can Release @ Novel Strand Brewing Company (Denver) – 305 1st ave, Denver, Colorado 

Date/ Time: Wednesday, October 30, from 3:00–10:00 p.m.

Details: We’re dropping 2 beers this Wednesday 10/30 so you can be well stocked for the Halloween shenanigans you will inadvertently be getting yourselves into. We’re not judging, man. We’ve got one of your favorites coming back, and another volume in our 2>1 series!

100% African Queen hops from South Africa. You guys know the story… this hop has one of the most unique flavor profiles you can encounter; raspberries, black currants, Rooibos tea, a bit of peach-mango, no dankness, no bitterness. 7,2% ABV, $18/4pack ($7 in-house can)

In this beer series we only use 2 hops varieties per batch, added at the same time at equal portions at every step and every hop addition. This volume showcases the synergy between African Queen (SA) and one of the best new hops out of the good ol’ USA (at least in hour humble opinion), Strata. Massive, massive, massive waves of passion fruit and mango, with a cool and relaxed berry flower character weaving through. Absolutely fantastic hop pairing. 7,0% ABV, $18/4pack ($7 in-house can)

(Bottle/Can Release)

Night Before Halloween Dinner and Pulque @ Dos Luces (Denver) – 1236 South Broadway, Denver, Colorado 

Date/ Time: Wednesday, October 30, from 6:00–9:00 p.m.

Details: Join us for a special Night Before Halloween dinnerwhere we will pair Chicha, Pulque, Tequila, and Mezcal with the fantastic food at Adelitas.
We will start at Dos Luces Brewery at 6pm with light appetizers and 2-3 Chichas. We’ll then move over to Adelita’s for a heavy appetizer and the main course, accompanied by a margarita, tequila, and pulque pairing. Last, we’ll make a stop at Palenque for dessert paired with Mezcal and a special preview of the release of our Azteca Pulque.
Menu details coming soon – Watch this space.
This event will be limited to no more than 16 people, so get your tickets early!

(Beer Dinner)

Thursday, October 31

Image may contain: text

Halloween Release @ Wiley Roots Brewing Company (Greeley) – 625 3rd St., Greeley, Colorado 

Date/ Time: Thursday, October 31, from 12:00–9:00 p.m.

Details: 🎃 Spooky, creepy, and crawly 👻🧟‍♀️

On October 31, 2019 starting at 12pm, we will be releasing five new beers on site and to-go during our annual Halloween Costume Contest. If you believe you have the best costume, come prove it Thursday night from 5-8pm.

We will be awarding three winners for Best Individual Costume, Best Couples Costume, and Best Group Costume with over $100 worth of prizes for the winners. Kirk Goble will also be here playing your favorite vinyl music. This is one of our favorite yearly events, we hope you can come and party with us. 🎉

Smokin’ Bros Barbecue will be here from 12-8pm.

If you can’t make the Costume Contest on October 31, don’t worry. We made A LOT of beer and will still have new beers available to-go. We also encourage anyone who wants to dress up to do so, we will be partying all weekend long!

𝐓𝐡𝐚𝐭 𝐉𝐨𝐡𝐧 𝐃𝐞𝐧𝐯𝐞𝐫 𝐢𝐬 𝐅𝐮𝐥𝐥 𝐨𝐟 𝐏𝐞𝐚𝐧𝐮𝐭 𝐁𝐮𝐭𝐭𝐞𝐫 🥜🥜
Hailstorm Brewing Co. collaboration
Rocky Road Imperial Stout with Peanuts, Marshmallows, Chocolate, and Milk Sugar
12.5% ABV ABV | 30 IBU
$𝟐𝟒 𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫-𝐩𝐚𝐜𝐤 | 𝟏𝟔𝐨𝐳 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐬
One case per person limit

𝐌𝐚𝐥𝐥𝐨𝐰 𝐌𝐨𝐧𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐡 👻👻
Imperial Stout with Marshmallows
10.5% ABV ABV | 25 IBU
$𝟐𝟎 𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫-𝐩𝐚𝐜𝐤 | 𝟏𝟔𝐨𝐳 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐬
One case per person limit

𝐂𝐨𝐨𝐤𝐲 𝐌𝐨𝐧𝐬𝐭𝐚𝐡 🍪🍪
Imperial Stout with Chocolate Cookie Crumbles
10.5% ABV ABV | 25 IBU
$𝟐𝟎 𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫-𝐩𝐚𝐜𝐤 | 𝟏𝟔𝐨𝐳 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐬
One case per person limit

𝐓𝐫𝐢𝐩𝐥𝐞 𝐁𝐞𝐫𝐫𝐲 𝐂𝐨𝐮𝐧𝐭𝐲 𝐅𝐚𝐢𝐫 𝐂𝐨𝐛𝐛𝐥𝐞𝐫 🥧🥧
Milkshake Sour IPA with Blueberry, Raspberry, and Blackberry purée, Graham Cracker, Cinnamon, Vanilla, and Milk Sugar dry hopped with Mosaic and El Dorado hops
7% ABV ABV | 15 IBU
$𝟐𝟎 𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫-𝐩𝐚𝐜𝐤 | 𝟏𝟔𝐨𝐳 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐬
One case per person limit

𝐒𝐰𝐚𝐭𝐜𝐡𝐞𝐬: 𝐆𝐚𝐥𝐚𝐱𝐲 𝐁𝐥𝐮𝐞 👩‍🎨🎨
East Coast IPA with Citra, El Dorado, and Galaxy hops
6% ABV | 4 IBU
$𝟏𝟖 𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫-𝐩𝐚𝐜𝐤 | 𝟏𝟔𝐨𝐳 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐬
One case per person limit

We will be selling mixed four-packs of Mallow Monstah and Cooky Monstah, two cans of each per four-pack!
$𝟐𝟎 𝐩𝐞𝐫 𝐟𝐨𝐮𝐫-𝐩𝐚𝐜𝐤 | 𝟏𝟔𝐨𝐳 𝐜𝐚𝐧𝐬
Three four-packs per person limit

(Festivals and Special Events)

Halloween Featuring Black Bottle @ Dunbar Kitchen and Tap House (Denver) – 2844 Welton St, Denver, Colorado 

Date/ Time: Thursday, October 31, from 5:00–10:00 p.m.


Come down and join us with our friends Black Bottle Brewery for a Halloween celebration! We will be tapping Cerealiously Count Chocula and a Barrel-Aged Version as well!

Black Bottle will be giving out prizes and the Best Costume will WIN a VIP TOUR for 4 to the brewery!

We will also be welcoming back Acoustic Thursday Artist Mr. Tyler Hudson!

Hope to see you on Halloween!

(Festivals and Special Events)

Friday, November 1

No photo description available.

Medianoche de los Muertos & Midnight Eagle Bottle Release @ WeldWerks Brewing Company (Greeley) – 508 8th Ave, Greeley, Colorado

Date/ Time: Friday, November 1 from 12:30- 10:00 p.m.

Details: We’re excited to announce the release of two more exciting projects from our barrel program– Medianoche de los Muertos and Midnight Eagle! Tickets will go on sale promptly at 10:00 AM MDT on Saturday, October 19th. PLEASE READ ALL OF THE DETAILS BELOW and on the Eventbrite page before purchasing tickets.

Medianoche de los Muertos
The blend for this very special batch was selected from freshly emptied bourbon barrels, ranging in age from 6 to 11 years, used to age Medianoche for 19 months, expressing notes of toffee, baker’s chocolate, brownie batter, and sweet vanilla. Drawing inspiration from the Mexican holiday Día de Muertos and the desserts and drinks that accompany it, we conditioned the beer on Ibarra Mexican sweet chocolate, vanilla beans from Veracruz, Mexico, cinnamon sticks, and raw, unprocessed piloncillo panela sugar. 14.5% ABV. Available in 22 oz bottles to-go for $32 each, with a limit of 2 bottles per person.

Midnight Eagle
This very special collaboration project began way back in October 2017, when we partnered with Kyle Harrop of Horus Aged Ales out of Oceanside, CA to brew the biggest, richest base stout we had ever produced. With so much malt complexity from the base beer, we needed an equally complex barrel regimen, so we aged this monster in a mix of freshly emptied rye, brandy, and bourbon barrels for 24 months. After its long slumber in barrels, we conditioned the beer on a very special batch of Ethiopian Sidama coffee, which was hand-selected and roasted exclusively for the Midnight Eagle project by our friends at Mostra Coffee in San Diego, CA. This rare find from the Sidama, Bensa region in Ethiopia was honey-processed with anaerobic fermentation, producing notes of caramelized honey, dark chocolate, sugar cookie, and toffee. Finally, to complement the richness imparted by the stout, barrels, and coffee, we conditioned the beer on Madagascar vanilla beans, lending a sweet, creamy finish. 15.3% ABV. Available in 22 oz bottles to-go for $34 each, with a limit of 2 bottles per person. Note: Due to the delicate nature of the Sidama coffee used in this beer, we recommend enjoying Midnight Eagle as fresh as possible, and WE DO NOT recommend cellaring this one for longer than a few months.

Tickets will be sold online exclusively through Eventbrite, and tickets must be exchanged for bottles in person at the brewery between Friday, November 1 and Sunday, November 3 during our normal taproom hours. Here are our taproom hours for that weekend:

Friday, November 1st: 12 pm to 10 pm
Saturday, November 2nd: 12 pm to 10 pm
Sunday, November 3rd: 12 pm to 7 pm

If you are unable to pick up bottles during the pickup window, PLEASE, DO NOT BUY TICKETS! Tickets must be purchased online and will not be available for purchase in person. Tickets will go on sale promptly at 10:00 AM MDT on Saturday, October 19th. Be sure to read all of the details on the Eventbrite page before purchasing tickets!

(Bottle/Can Release)

Can Release Day @ Outer Range Brewing Company (Frisco) – 182 Lusher Ct., Unit #2, Frisco, Colorado

Date/ Time: Friday, November 1 from 12:00- 11:00 p.m.

Details: We brewed our first ever Pilsner with our friends from Modern Times Beer. We’ll be releasing cans of our collab Modern Healing Pilsner along with Pillow Stacks Double IPA on Friday Nov 1 at 12pm.

Modern Healing Pilsner
*collab with Modern Times Beer
Availability: 100 cases
Limit: 1 case/pp

Pillow Stacks Double IPA
Hops: 100% Mosaic
Availability: 100 cases
Limit: 1 case/pp

And Hellraiser Pizza will be here slinging pies starting at 3PM!

(Firkins/Casks/Special Tappings/New Tappings)

Spirit Guide Hazy IPA @ WestFax Brewing Company (Lakewood) – 6733 W Colfax Ave, Lakewood, Colorado

Date/ Time: Friday, November 1 from 2:00- 7:00 p.m.

Details: We’re letting our spirit guide us through a series of experimental hazy IPAs. Each beer in this series we will be experimenting with different grain bills, hops, and brewing techniques to show how many ways we can develop different flavors, mouthfeels, and aromas. Drink through the series as they release to see how much the slightest differences in a beer can change its flavor profile.

Spirit Guide Hazy IPA: Experiment No. 01
Hops: Centennial, Cashmere, Moutere, Motueka, Vic Secret
Grain: Pilsner, Wheat, Toasted Oats

(Bottle/Can Release)

Liberati’s 1st Anniversary @ Liberati Restaurant and Brewery (Denver) – 2403 Champa St, Denver, Colorado

Date/ Time: Friday, November 1 from 4:00- 9:00 p.m.

Details: Join us to celebrate one year in business and get your hands on our first-ever bottled oenobeers! Here’s what we have in store:

**Complimentary Apertivo and Pizza**
We’ll kick things off at happy hour (4pm) with a COMPLIMENTARY Apertivo spread of classic Italian flavors, including trad-square Roman, high-hydration pizza. After taking years to perfection it, serving up traditional roman pizza in teglia will be another first for us at Liberati!!!

**Fruited Oenobeers Released Hourly**
And just for fun, just for tonight, just to party, Alex Liberati has been playing around with some fruit. Come and grab some fruited oenobeers*, one released every hour 4-9pm, including flavors such as Peach Raspberry Eroica, Blackberry Apricot Brianna Stark, and more!

**Giveaways & Commemorative Glassware**
The first 20 guests will receive a FREE commemorative pint glass. After that, the limited-edition pint glasses can be purchased for $15 each. Purchase includes 2 free fill-ups of any oenobeer (8% ABV or less).
AND…for every beer ordered, you will be entered to win a party for you and your friends with 42 oenobeers! We will announce one winner every hour. Must be present to win.

**LIBERATI’s First Bottle Release**
It’s the moment you’ve been waiting for…at 5pm, we’re launching our first-ever bottle release, featuring the crowd-favorite Vino Veritas oenobeer and three limited edition barrel-aged variations! Full list of varietals:
– Vino Veritas 2019, the classic version you can enjoy on tap
– Vino Veritas 2019, Bourbon aged French and American oak, with Tahitian and Madagascar Vanilla
– Vino Veritas 2019, Cognac aged French oak, with chocolate nibs and orange peel
– Vino Veritas 2019, Rum aged French Oak and Pumpkin Spice

**Bottle Release Vouchers**
We’re only producing a small amount of bottles for this first release, but a limited number of vouchers will be available for purchase on our website starting **Monday, Oct. 28** to secure your bottles in advance. Otherwise, we’ll start a list at 4pm on Nov. 1 for anyone who’s present…first come, first served!
These beautiful 75cl serigraphed hand-bottled bottles can be purchased individually at $20 a bottle for the base beer or $23 a bottle for the variations. Purchase all 4 for $80.

**Cigars on the Patio**
Just what it sounds like…we’ll have stogies on the patio for the duration of the party. Today ONLY, we’re making an exception on our nonsmoking patio!


Saturday, November 2

Live Brew Day @ Old 121 Brewhouse (Lakewood) – 1057 South Wadsworth Boulevard, Lakewood, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 10:00 a.m.–4:00 p.m.

Details: We are teaming up with Old 121 Brewhouse for a special FREE Learn to Homebrew Day event! Whether you are completely new to brewing, want to advance from extract to all-grain, or just want to improve your beer, this event is for you. Jamie of CO-Brew and Brett of Old 121 will be brewing an ESB starting at 10:00am. Matthew from Propagate Yeast Lab will be on hand to answer any yeast related questions. Drop by anytime between 10:00am and 4:00pm. Simply observe the brewing process or bring your questions to ask the experts. AHA members receive 10% off their tabs all day long.

(Beer Education)

Image may contain: text

Cerveceria Colorado Beer and Bug Pairing @ Cerveceria Colorado (Denver) – 1635 Platte St, Denver, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 11:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Details: More than two billion people eat insects as part of their regular diet. Are you one of them?

Hola! bugs are delicious! And our good friends from Rocky Mountain Micro Ranch and the amazing Chef Jose of Pepe Warrior want to show you just how delicious they are, especially when paired with Mexican-inspired beers! We encourage you to come out and try this amazing pairing, we guarantee you’ll be (really!) pleasantly surprised!

Each pairing will come with four delicious beers paired expertly with four amazing dishes featuring a selection of bugs.

(Beer Pairing)

Beer, Bacon, Coffee, and Donuts @ Verboten Brewing (Loveland) – 127 E. 5th Street, Loveland, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 11:00 a.m.–1:00 p.m.

Details: IT’S BACK!! The highly anticipated Beer, Bacon, Coffee & Donuts event is coming up. Verboten is teaming up once again with Dark Heart for the fresh coffee and Peace, Love and Little Donuts for the amazing donuts!
This will be an a la carte event so you can indulge in any way you’d like! (Get them all you deserve it.)

Beer & Donut pairings will include:
– Wicked Smart Double NE IPA + Fruity Pebbles Donut
– Lime Kolsch + Raspberry Lemonade Donut
– Broke My Heart Amaretto Milkshake IPA + Almond Brothers Donut
– Mocha Little Nonsense BBL Aged Imp. Stout + Salted Caramel
Macchiato Donut

(Beer Pairing)

Mockery 5th Anniversary Block Party @ Mockery Brewing (Denver) – 3501 Delgany St, Denver, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 12:00–10:00 p.m.

Details: F.I.V.E. wonderful years have flown by and it’s time to block party! We are shutting down the streets in front of Mockery and there’s going to be so much room for activities.

!!FREE Custom 5th Anniversary Live Printed Shirt or Tote bag (first 50 people)
!!FREE Live Music – Bud Bronson & The Good Timers, Timber, and Blow the Vault
!!FREE Axe Throwing with Axe Whooping – Axe Throwing from 12 pm to 3pm
!!20+ beers on tap & specialty tappings
!!Corn Hole & Giant Beer Pong
!!Live screen printing with A Small Print Shop
!!Food Trucks: High Society Pizza Denver Taco Truck
!!Mini Market – Clothes, jewelry, body care, etc.


6th Anniversary Party @ Jagged Mountain Craft Brewery (Denver) – 1139 20th St, Denver, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, at 12:00 p.m.

Details:We’re turning 6! Come party with us Saturday Nov. 2nd!

Beer release list:
Spirit Trail – New England DIPA with Ella, Rakau and Wai-iti hops.

Star Trail – Black Gose aged on Palo Santo with Hawaiian Black Sea Salt

Wild Old Cougar – Wild Barrel aged Saison with Blackberries and Palisade Peaches

Playin Hooky – Wild Barrel aged Cherry Wheat with Montmorency and Balton Cherries

Golden Brut – Wild Imperial Golden Ale aged one Muscat Barrels

Plus more special releases!

Koi and Ninja will be outside slinging delicious food all day!


Fall Back Beer Fest @ Estes Park Event Complex (Estes Park) – 1125 Rooftop Way, Estes Park, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 1:00–5:00 p.m.

Details: Brewers from 30+ Colorado craft breweries pour UNLIMITED SAMPLES and talk all-things-brewing at this Estes Park craft beer event of the year! Beer enthusiasts, from novice to expert, take part in live brewing demos, chat with hop farmers and yeast laboratories, and SO MUCH MORE!

Looking for truly unique beer? Check out the firkin tapping at 2:30p; it’s always a crowd favorite!

Winners of the 2019 RockyGrass Band Contest, Never Come Down from Portland, OR, will keep you moving as you spend your extra hour in craft beer glory.

The fun doesn’t stop at beer – Sample craft spirits and coffee, and even the youngest guests will enjoy craft soda and kombucha samples, kids’ activities, food trucks and vendors.

(Festivals and Special Events)

Upslope’s 11th Anniversary Party @ Upslope Brewing Company (Boulder) – 1898 S Flatiron Ct, Boulder, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 11:00 a.m.–8:00 p.m.

Details: Another year down and another reason to party – come celebrate 1️⃣1️⃣ years of beers and cheers with us!

Join us on Saturday, November 2nd (2-8 pm) at our Flatiron Park brewery to raise a glass (or a few…) to many more years of doin’ what we love at our FREE anniversary party!

We’re taking over our back parking lot, tap room and patio for the party. Get ready for some serious beer bust-outs, live music, games, food trucks and more!

BEER // 40+ beers on tap! (Get ’em while you can, as supply will be limited on each style.) — We’ll be bringing out vintage favorites, collaboration brews, specialty styles, and, of course, our core beer classics + our 11th Anniversary Ale- Brandy Barrel-Aged Imperial Stout !


No photo description available.

Spooky Halloween Party @ Acreage (Lafayette) – 1380 Horizon Avenue, Unit A, Lafayette, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 11:00 a.m.–8:00 p.m.

Details: Due to the impending weather, we are postponing tomorrow’s Halloween party to Saturday, November 2nd, 2-6pm. Apologies on any inconveniences, we want to ensure everyone is safe and warm through this expected snowstorm.

Keep the Halloween spirit going here on the hill! Gather your family and friends and come celebrate all things harvest and SPOOKY with us on Saturday, November 2nd. Activities, games, cider, snacks, Butter Cider, costume contest, and more for the whole family:

Doors open at 12pm, festivities begin at 2pm:

– Pumpkin Plinko! – roll a pumpkin down the hill and win prizes
– Butter Cider
– Fireside Hangout
– Costume Contest
– Pumpkin Painting

(Festivals and Special Events)

D’IPA Off Double IPA Beer and Dip Contest @ Mirror Image Brewing (Frederick) – 5969 Iris Pkwy, Frederick, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 5:00–8:00 p.m.

Details: We will be releasing our Double IPA and having a Chip Dip Contest 5 – 8 pm. Dias de los Muertos themed dip costumes welcomed.

Winners will receive gift cards for People’s Choice and Most Creative in cream and veggie categories.

What kind of dips you say?!?
-Cream based dips
Anything goes— just be creative!
Sign up your dip with the beertender or [email protected]

(Festivals and Special Events)

Image may contain: text

4th Annual Barley Wine and Swine @ Großen Bart Brewery (Longmont) – 1025 Delaware Ave Unit A, Longmont, Colorado

Date/ Time: Saturday, November 2, from 5:00 –6:30 p.m.

Details:  Join Großen Bart Brewery and West Side Tavern in a festival of Barley Wine and Swine! Appreciate 3 of our vintage and a new barley wine to be release on this day with a 4 course dinner!
Walter brewer from Grossen Bart and Brooks Chef from West Side Tavern will talk about each course what they paired and why they paired the beer with the food! (Menu will be available soon)
– 2015 matured Bear Shark Barley Wine
– 2016 HandleBarley Oat Wine
– 2017 HandleBarley Wheat Wine
– 2017 Frida SMaSH Barley Wine (brewed with local malt from Root Shoot Malting)
– 2018 Rye Wine (collaboration with Jagged Mountain Craft Brewery)
– 2019 HandleBarley wine

Purchase tickets in the taproom or via link below.

(Festivals and Special Events)

Can't visit the site everyday like us? Bummer! No worries, we've got you covered. Submit your email below to receive our monthlyish newsletter on reviews, tours, events and more!

Submit a Comment

14 − 9 =